Mary Edmonia Lewis


  1. Adams, Russell. “Edmonia Lewis (1845-1890?): Pioneer Woman Sculptor.” In Great Negroes, Past and Present, 3rd ed., 194. Chicago: Afro-American Publishing Company, 1969.
  2. Afro-American Women in Art: Their Achievements in Sculpture and Painting. Greensboro, NC, 1969.
  3. “Artistic Africa" A Description of a Colored Sculptress in Rome.” The Atlantic Constitution, May 12, 1871.
  4. Buick, Kristen Pai. “A Question of ‘Likeness’: Edmonia Lewis’s ‘The Death of Cleopatra.’” Notes in the History of Art 24, no. 4 (Summer 2005): 3–12.
  5. Buick, Kristen Pai. Child of the Fire: Mary Edmonia Lewis and the Problem of Art History’s Black and Indian Subject. Durham: Duke University Press, 2010.
  6. Buick, Kristen Pai. “The Ideal Works of Edmonia Lewis: Invoking and Inverting Autobiography.” American Art 9, no. 2 (Summer 1995): 4–19.
  7. Child, Lydia Maria. “Letter From L. Maria Child.” The Independent, April 5, 1886, sec. 18.
  8. Cleveland-Peck, Patricia. “CASTING THE FIRST STONE.” History Today 57, no. 10 (October 2007): 13–19.
  9. Crowe, Susan. “Visual Narratives and the Portrait Busts of Edmonia Lewis.” University of Missouri- Kansas City, 2011.
  10. Dannett, Sylvia G L. Profiles of Negro Womanhood,. Yonkers, NY, 1964.
  11. “Edmonia Lewis, the Colored Sculptor at Chicago.” New York Times. September 11, 1870.
  12. Gold, Susanna W. “The Death of Cleopatra / The Birth of Freedom: Edmonia Lewis at the New World’s Fair.” Biography 35, no. 2 (2012): 318–41.
  13. enderson, Harry, and Albert Henderson. The Indomitable Spirit of Edmonia Lewis : A Narrative Biography. Milford, CT: Esquiline Hill Press, 2012.
  14. Holland, Juanita Marie. “Mary Edmonia Lewis’s ‘Minnehaha’: Gender, Race, and the ‘Indian Maid.’” Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 69, no. 1/2 (1995): 26–35.
  15. How Edmonia Lewis Became an Artist. Albany, 1870.
  16. “Interview with Lydia Maria Child.” Liberator, February 19, 1864.
  17. Lewis, Samella S. Art : African American. Edited by Yanni Petsopoulos. New York: New York Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1978.
  18. Locke, Alain. The Negro in Art; a Pictorial Record of the Negro Artist and of the Negro Theme in Art. New York: Hacker Art Books, 1971.
  19. Lomax, A. “NEGRO HISTORY IN BRIEF: Early Negro Sculptors.” Oakland Post. December 11, 1968.
  20. Nelson, Charmaine. The Color of Stone: Sculpting the Black Female Subject in Nineteenth-Century America. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2007.
  21. Ott, John. “Child of the Fire: Mary Edmonia Lewis and the Problem of Art History’s Black and Indian Subject/Remaking Race and History: The Sculpture of Meta Warrick Fuller/Making Race: Modernism and ‘Racial Art’ in America.” The Art Bulletin 95, no. 1 (March 2013): 171–75.
  22. “ROMAN STUDIOS.: Among American Artists Miss Hosmer’s Sanctum Story’s Atelier A Colored Sculptress.” New York Times, May 17, 1873.
  23. Savage, Kirk. “Imagining Emancipation.” In Standing Soldiers, Kneeling Slaves: Race, War, and Monuments in Nineteenth-Century America, 52–88. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997.
  24. “Sculptor Edmonia Lewis’ `Cleopatra’ Revived and on View in Washington: Heritage Corner.” New York Amsterdam News. June 1, 1996.
  25. “Seeking Equality Abroad.: Why Miss Edmonia Lewis, The Colored Sculptor, Returns to Rome--Her Early Life and Struggles.” New York Times. December 29, 1878.
  26. “THE COLORED SCULPTOR.: An Interview With Miss Edmonia Lewis.” Chicago Daily Tribune. July 15, 1873.
  27. Wallace, Jefferson. The Negro and His Place in History. A Series of Biographical Sketches of Celebrated Negroes. Richmond, 1924.
  28. Waterson, Anna Cabot Lowell (Quincy). Edmonia Lewis. (The Young Colored Woman Who Has Successfully Modelled the Bust of Colonel Shaw.). Boston, 1865.
  29. Woods, Naurice Frank Jr. “An African Queen at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition 1876: Edmonia Lewis’s The Death of Cleopatra.” Meridians 9, no. 1 (Fall 2008): 62–82, 191.

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